Intellectual development skills
What exactly are intellectual development skills or thinking skills?
It was always thought that babies where not capable of thinking or reasoning, but we have learnt otherwise.
From birth, your baby is very aware of their surroundings, and they are interested in exploring them.
They actively take in their surroundings, gathering information and storing it until they are ready to use what they have learnt,
as this is evident in the achievement of their milestones.
What to expect of your child, as they grow and develope thinking and intellectual development skills:
Birth to 3 months
- Make eye contact and cry to show their need
- Babies become aware of physical needs such as hunger
- They start showing an increased awareness of their surroundings
- They begin to see colours
- Respond to stimuli with facial expressions
- Prefer bright colours, and geometric shapes
- They begin to anticipate events, such as bathing or eating
3 Months to 6 Months
- They are very aware of their surroundings, especially in strange places
- Starts showing interest in toys, and playing with them
- They begin to recognise faces, and familiar people
- They start copying facial expressions, and respond to familiar voices
6 Months to 9 Months
- They start playing with their feet
- Recognises toys and what to do with them
- Understands the concept of up and down, and will show if they want to be picked up by lifting their arms up towards you.
- Recognises the difference between objects, and toys can be moved by pushing, pulling or throwing them.
- Recognise pictures in books
9 Months to 12 Months
- They star showing an interest in picture books
- They will watch activities and other children playing with interest
- Responds to simple questions with actions, and babbling
- They copy actions and words
- They experiment with objects, by putting them in bottles, buckets or even their mouth, and then turning the bucket over to see what happens.
1 Year to 2 Years
- They can follow simple instructions and acts appropriately
- They copy the actions and language of adults
- Start to match objects that are similar in shape, size or colour
- Recognises characters in story books with help
- Knows the difference between you and me
2 years to 3 years
- They are very curious about their surroundings and what you are doing
- Can stack rings on a peg correctly
- They recognise themselves in a mirror
- They start recognising different parts of their body
- They can identify objects in a picture
- Can follow simple instructions
- Copy tasks that you, like sweeping the floor, and want to help with things like preparing dinner.
3 years to 4 years
- They can sort objects into simple categories
- Can draw a stick figure with a head, and attempt to place the eyes, nose and mouth
- They know the difference between present and past activities
- They can sort objects by size
- Understands things as a whole or in pieces, like a cake or a slice of cake
- They can draw simple pictures when asked, name and recognise what they are, like a dog, cat, mom or dad.
- They are very inquisitive, and will ask a lot of why, where and what questions
- There concentration has increased, and they can focus on one activity up to 15min at a time
- They learn by watching and listening to adults
4 years to 5 years
- Can count up to 20
- Asks questions no stop
- Can draw a house and a person in detail, with out help
- Matches colours
- They make up and sing silly songs
- They know their address and telephone number
5 years to 6 years
- Draws with detail
- Reading skills are developing well
- They can write their name and a few other words as well
Intellectual development skills
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